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Book of Exodus


Authorship and Origin:

Exodus is the second of the five Old Testament books ascribed to Moses. It picks up the story where Genesis stopped, about 430 years after Israel's entry into Egypt. Exodus lays the foundation for understanding salvation, in that through God's mighty acts, He wins the freedom of His people. In the eyes of the Old Testament people, these events are more important than creation. Again and again the thoughts and songs of Israel's people will return to the time of Exodus.

Prior to the time of Solomon (970 B.C.), it is impossible to correlate biblical events with known dates from Egypt or other ancient empires. Inscriptional evidence does not exist. However, that is not surprising, since Egyptian monarchs did not record defeats, as the story of Exodus tells. Most speculation about the dates of these events, then is that they occured between 1450B.C., and 1290B.C..

Overview and Significant sections

Exodus is comprised of half narrative, giving an historical account of Israel's delivery from Egyptian slavery, and the other half outlining a system of laws by which God sought to shape the delivered slaves into a holy unified nation. Exodus contains five important themes which are the basis of Israel's faith and lifestyle in the Old Testament. 1) God's mighty acts to save Israel and set it apart. 2) The establishment of the Passover as an annual feast to be performed in rememberance of the deliverance of Israel from Egypt, 3) Law as a covenant relationship for the people, 4) The details of the Law, and 5) the establishment of Worship as a priestly and sacrificial system. Through these themes and acts, God reveals Himself in more detail to Israel, and across the ages to us today. He is more than just Creator and moral Judge. He is now 'ever present', a God of miracles, a Savior, faithful, and holy. These attributes that are revealed about God are never-changing.

Significant sections:

For more detailed study:
Read Chapter 1. (the entire book is available starting here.)
The Concise Matthew Henry Commentary on this book. introduction of this book.
the World Wide Study Bible has Dictionary, Commentary, Scripture and sermons available on this book.