- Old Testament
Book of 2 Samuel
Authorship and Origin:
As described in the discussion of I Samuel, orginally, the books of I and II Samuel, and I and
II Kings were originally one large volume, and were broken up later. It is not known who
the original author was, but Hebrew tradition says that it was Samuel himself. Some
scholars however, feel his name may have been chosen since he was the first character mentioned.
The story that is told in these books is the same story that is told in I and II Chronicles,
but from a different perspective. In the Hebrew canon, the books of Samuel, Joshua, Judges,
and Kings make up the 'former prophets' and provided a history of the times from a prophetic
point of view. Chronicles, Ezra and Nehemiah, written much later tell the stories from a
priestly point of view, and attempt to explain events in the light of God's character and
purpose. Additionally, different details are told and emphasized making them interesting
to study individually, and together.
Overview and Significant sections
II Samuel starts with the rule of David over Judah. David's rule over Israel is important
both historically and spiritually to God's people. It is in this time that Israel solidifies
the tribes into a nation, transistions from poverty to wealth, and centralizes their religion
in Jerusalem (which up till now was held by the Jebusites). Under David, Israel increases
it's geographic size by 10 times! Unfortunately, David had troubles, which are also detailed
in this book.
- David at last triumphs over all and becomes king over Judah.
- David with his 'mighty men', becomes king of Israel and unites the kingdoms.
- David and Bathsheba, David's problems with himself
- David has problems with his family (a number of wives and their children)
- David has problems holding the state in order.
- A type of Appendix to the book, it recounts six special incidents
The incidents are:
- Gibeonites avenged.
- Philistine wars.
- A psalm of praise by David.
- Stories of the mighty men.
- A census of the people.
- Preparation for building of the temple.
For more detailed study:
Read Chapter 1.
(the entire book is available starting here.)
The Concise Matthew Henry Commentary
on this book.
introduction of this book.
the World Wide Study Bible
has Dictionary, Commentary, Scripture and sermons available
on this book.