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Rt Rev. Dr. Casimir F. Durand Memorial Page

2nd Bishop Ordinary, CCRCC, 30 Briermoor Crescent • Ottawa, ON K1T 3G7 • Canada • 613-738-2942/see/charmin/CM00486

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Soli Deo Honor et Gloria

Le franais suit

To the glory of God in memory of
the Rt Rev. Dr. CASIMIR F. DURAND (1879-1957)
who succeeded Msgr J.R. Vilatte as 2nd French-speaking Christian Catholic bishop in North America

Msgr Durand was born in La Rvolte (Drme), France, on September 19, 1879, the son of Jean-Antoine Durand and Julie Chancel.

He joined the Christian Catholic Rite at the turn of the century and took charge of the Prairie Mission in St. Boniface, where he was ordained priest in 1909 (+Vilatte). He had come to Canada as a Canon Regular (of St. Augustine) of the Immaculate Conception (C.R.I.C.). He had joined the order in Dauphin (Isre), France, in 1893, and had been sent to Manitoba in 1898. He studied at Notre Dame de Lourdes and St. Leon CRIC Priories (1898-1899) and became assistant of Father Augustin Roux at St. Alphonse Parish, MB, in 1900. He left the C.R.I.C.'s the same year and went to St. Paul, Minnesota, to study for the priesthood.

Around 1914, he got married (to Anna Mansipe, from Drme Department, France) and became Rector of a new parish in Minnesota: Sacred Heart, Minneapolis. He also practiced Natural Medicine in Minneapolis, St. Paul and Prior Lake. Two twin sons were born in 1917: Paul and Ren, who are still living in Minnesota with their families.

The Rt Rev. Dr. Durand has been Bishop Vilatte's Chaplain and Executive Officer/Chancellor for the 12 years of his tenure as President of the American Catholic (Community) Church Council (ACC). And when the good bishop retired from the ministry, he was asked to oversee the work of the Christian Catholic Rite. He was consecrated in the Episcopal Succession of Bishop Vilatte on September 16, 1926, by the Rt Rev. Dr. Axel Z. Fryxell of the ACC Swedish constituency, headquarters in Seattle, Washington (All Saints Church). The ceremony took place at the Polish National Catholic Church, 2200 Fifth Street, N.E., Minneapolis. The church was under the Rev. K. Krysinski. He became "Chevalier Commandeur de l'Ordre de la couronne d'pines et doctor christianissimus"

A Mission Board was organized on September 19, 1926. The trustees were: Rt Rev. Dr. Durand, D.D., Rev. E. Eckstrom, acting as Secretary, and Prof. G.A. Montelius, D.D. and Col. William (Bill) Siple, who acted as Treasurers. The Board was to be called together as often as needed. Its object was to plan for mission work and to collect money to carry on church ministry. Bishop Durand had the right to use his own discretion to decide when the money was to be spent and where help was the most needed for extending the ministry.

In The Antiochean, the magazine of the ACC, edition of April 1928, p. 3, Bishop Durand is listed as Bishop Ordinary of the French-speaking Christian Catholics, with the Rev. Dr. J.N. Bodot as Assistant. Also in 1928, during the week of August 21-28, Bishop Durand wrote an essay called "The Old Catholic Church", which is being used as an official church document in Canada. Its French title is "Le rite catholique-chrtien".

In the Summer of 1940, there was no canonical bishop to oversee the work of ACC. The Rev. W. Sullivan, who was acting overseer as Church Chancellor, asked the Rt Rev. Dr. Durand to fill in as Presiding Bishop. We have in the Church Holdings, at the National Archives of Quebec, Hull Centre, Bishop Durand's letter of acceptance to the Rev. Sullivan, dated July 15, 1940. It reads: "After deep thoughts and prayers to the Holy Spirit for divine guidance and considering your insistance in your letter, I feel duty bond to accept your invitation, trusting in your help and wisdom".

Bishop Durand passed away on January 6, 1957, in Prior Lake, Minnesota, where he had been living since 1932. Requiescat in pace.

Soli Deo Honor et Gloria

la gloire de Dieu
en mmoire de Mgr Casimir F. Durand,
deuxime vque catholique-chrtien d'expression franaise en Amrique
quatrime vque prsident de l'American Catholic (Community) Church (Council) (ACC)

1879

N La Rvolte, dans le sud-est de la France (Drme), le 19 septembre 1879, fils de Jean-Antoine Durand et de Julie Chancel.

1893

Entre chez les chanoines rguliers de l'Immacule conception (c.r.i.c.). Fait son noviciat l'Abbaye de Saint-Antoine (Dauphin), dpartement de l'Isre, France.

1898

Fait profession en juin et part le mois suivant pour le Canada, o les C.R.I.C. ont un scolasticat Notre-Dame-de-Lourdes, Manitoba. Il y arrive le 29 juillet et commence, le 9 septembre, sa formation philosophique (cours de logique) sous Dom Paul Benot, suprieur.

Donn comme aide Dom Joseph Picot, il devient son sacristain le ler octobre, tout en travaillant niveler le terrain de la crypte du monastre et dblayer.

Le 17 novembre, il est envoy au Prieur de Saint-Lon, Manitoba, suivre des cours de littrature et de rhtorique. Il y demeure jusqu'en dcembre 1899.

1900

Le 1er janvier, il est de nouveau au Prieur de Notre-Dame-de-Lourdes, o il poursuit ses cours de philosophie sous Dom Benot. Avec un confrre, il installe une scie bois et coupe des planches de cdre pour les stalles du monastre. Six mois plus tard, il est affect la Paroisse de Saint-Alphonse, Manitoba, comme assistant de Dom Augustin Roux.

Le 11 septembre, il quitte la communaut des C.R.I.C.; joint le Rite catholique-chrtien et va tudier en vue du sacerdoce Saint-Paul, Minnesota, U.S.A.. Ordonn prtre Winnipeg, MB, en 1909 (+JR Vilatte), il anime une mission de l'glise Saint-Boniface. En 1914, il va prendre la direction d'une nouvelle paroisse Minneapolis, Minnesota (Sacr-Coeur) et exerce, dans cette ville, la mdecine naturopathique. Il dit avoir obtenu ses connaissances thrapeutiques des vieux moines de l'Abbaye de Saint-Antoine:

"Tt dans ma vie, crit-il, j'ai eu le privilge de joindre la communaut de Saint-Antoine et d'apprendre des vieux moines les mthodes naturelles de soigner, ainsi que les herbes qu'ils utilisaient dans la prparation de leurs remdes, etc. Depuis, j'ai pratiqu dans diffrents tats de l'Union, comme naturopathe, et partout j'ai utilis, avec un succs remarquable, le grand remde des frres du Dauphin: l'liminateur de toxines. Dans le pass, les plerins en qute de sant tournaient les yeux vers le Sanctuaire de Saint-Antoine, ses moines et ses herbes mdicinales. Aujourd'hui, le dernier de ces moines donne au Nouveau Monde, l'humanit souffrante, les mmes remdes que les religieux ont dcouvert et perfectionns pendant des sicles."

1917

Mari Anna Mansipe, originaire comme lui de la Drme (France), il a avec elle, cette anne-l, deux fils jumeaux: Paul et Ren. Ils vivent au Minnesota avec leurs familles.

1921

Est chancelier diocesain et chaplain de Mgr Vilatte. Participe la consecration de Mgr G.A. McGuire, pour l'African Orthodox Church, et signe le certificat mis ce sujet par l'ACC.

1926

Successeur de Mgr Vilatte, comme deuxime vque francophone en Amrique, il est consacr en l'glise nationale polonaise, 2200 Fifth Street N.E., Minneapolis, le 16 septembre 1926, par Mgr Axel Z. Fryxell de la constituante sudoise de l'ACC, sige Seattle, Washington (All Saints Church). Le cur de la paroisse du Sacr-Coeur est le Pre Kazimierz Krysinski, auquel sont octroys le titre et le grade de "chevalier commandeur et doctor christianissimus de l'Ordre de la couronne d'pines".

1928

Dans la revue de l'ACC, The Antiochean (p. 3), Mgr Durand est identifi comme vque ordinaire des francophones d'Amrique, ayant pour assistant le Pre J.N. Bodot. Entre le 21 et le 28 aot de la mme anne, il crit un essai ("The Old Catholic Church"), publi en franais au Canada, sous le titre "Le rite catholique-chrtien".

1940

Le Pre W. Sullivan, alors chancellier de l'ACC, et administrateur de la corporation en l'absence d'vque prsident, demande Mgr Durand d'agir comme primat. Il accepte la charge le 15 juillet comme en fait foi la lettre qu'il lui a adresse ce sujet et qui est conserve dans notre collection aux Archives Nationales du Qubec, centre de Hull.

1957

Meur le 6 janvier 1957 Prior Lake, Minnesota, ou il vivait depuis 1932. Requiescat in pace!

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