Matthew

Pronunciation:

Authorship and Origin:

It is commonly accepted that Matthew, a Galilean Jew also called Levi, is the author of this gospel. He worked as a tax-gatherer (sometimes called 'publican') for the Romans, and was therefore hated by most fellow Jews. But Jesus called him to be a disciple, and the book is written from the perspective of a disciple.

Matthew's purpose in writing the book was to show how Jesus fulfills the Davidic covenant of kingship and the Abraham convenant of promise as seen in Genesis 15:18. Christ is the King sprung from David as the prophets had predicted.

Matthew wrote in early Hebrew called Aramaic, but the earliest surviving copies of this book are in Greek. This book was written between 40 and 80 A.D., although the exact date is in dispute.

Overview and Significant sections

The book records Jesus' genealogy, birth in Bethlehem, ministry, and predictions of His second coming in power and glory. Three main themes from the book are: Jesus' role as a teacher is emphasized in this gospel. There are five great discources in this gospel which form the framework of His teachings. They are: In between, are narratives about where He went and what He did.

Alternatively, the book can be broken down into these sections:


For more detailed study:
Read Chapter 1. (the entire book is available here.)
The Concise Matthew Henry Commentary on this book.
bible.org study of this book.
the World Wide Study Bible has Dictionary, Commentary, Scripture and sermons available on this book.