Judges

Pronunciation:

Authorship and Origin:

The dates of when the events in this book took place, are uncertain. It is unlikely that the years each judge is said to have ruled, should be added to each other, as the total would encompass more than 400 years. It is more likely that these are selected stories out of the period from the conquest of the promised land until the establishment of a monarchy, when many different judges ruled over local regions. The time of the judges was from the death of Joshua (around 1390 B.C.) to the annointing of King Saul around 1050 B.C.. The author or collector of these stories is unknown.

Overview and Significant sections

The book of Judges describes a time when Israel had adapted to a settled life in the promised land (Canaan). This is a time when Israel's spiritual committment is declining, and as result there is political, social, and moral deterioration. No judge, who was a military leader of a local region, showed the spiritual leadership of Moses or Joshua. The book speaks of various sins and failures leading to apostasy.

There are three major sections to the book of Judges. The first is an introduction, which gives reasons for the decline. The second is a historical section, which includes the stories of the judges. The third gives incidents of the people's decline and their turning from the covenants.

Significant sections:


For more detailed study:
Read Chapter 1. (the entire book is available starting here.)
The Concise Matthew Henry Commentary on this book.
bible.org introduction of this book.
the World Wide Study Bible has Dictionary, Commentary, Scripture and sermons available on this book.